Archive for the ‘Bosnia and Herzegovina’ Category

Tuzla

Tuzla is a city away from Travnik over 200 km, in the north-eastern part of Bosnia. Can be classified into one of the three largest cities in the country. From many thousands of years acted place as the main excavation of salt and brown coal in the country. Thus, is named as tuzla, what in Turkish means a salt mine.
In the center of Tuzla are 3 lakes, where are designated special areas for swimming and beaches. This place is where residents and turists can spend your free time, relax and enjoy nature.
Tuzla is a science center, has two large and well-functioning universities (the University and the American University, Tuzla), which attracts eager students and scientists from all over the country.
Tuzla is full of places where grew up and formed a well-known, prominent writers, musicians, athletes, and actors.
The main sights include the theater, which first became operational in Tuzla, museum, which present the process of salt production, art gallery where exposes the works of artists from around the world, Ismet Mujezinovic painting gallery and a museum full of archaeological specimens, from the collections of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Travnik

Travnik is situated in the middle of the state. In Travnik is a fortress which is example of Byzantine culture. Similarly, as in other cities of Bosnia and Herzegovina, we can see the importance of religion – Islam, which is deeply rooted and has representation in many built mosques. That is why the city is compared to Istanbul.
In the eighteenth century, to the city began to arrive the Protestants, so they built their own initiative called Protestant Church of the Dormition of the Mother of God. There are currently stored books and icons before the III, IV centuries.
An interesting place is a mausoleum vizir in Travnik, which was founded in 1799 for the burial of one of the previously prevailing rulers, Perisan’a Mustafa-pasa. His sarcophagus was decorated in the style of the Orient. Throughout the city, you can find many mausoleums, which were used to hide the bodies of important Ottoman people. However, a lot of souvenir items, works of art, a huge collection of photos can be viewed in the Regional Museum, operating since 1950.
It is worth mentioning that in this city of his birth Ivo Andric who had great personality of the former Yugoslavia, the writer, who in 1961 was awarded the Nobel Prize.

Sutjeska National Park (Skakavac Waterfall)

Sutjeska National Park is the oldest park in Bosnia and Herzegovina, which is functioning. Works since 1962, near the border with Montenegro. It covers an area of 173.5 km2, within which they are Dinaric Alps, with the highest peak in Bosnia – Maglic (2386 m), the river Sutjeska, Skakavac Waterfall. The whole creates unforgettable views.
The park has more than 2,000 plants, mostly occurring only in this one place on earth. It has many animal species, including as many as 300 different species of birds, enjoying the excellent conditions of forest and 9 lakes located inside the park.
The park also includes a nature reserve Perucica, which is unique in the scale of Europe, as one of two primary natural forests. Was placed on the UNESCO list. In the reserve you will find a huge Skakavac Waterfall with a height of 82 meters. On the rocks next to the waterfall, there are many endangered species of plants. To the top of waterfall leads several kilometers long road leading by mountain , rich in vegetation and various species of edible mushrooms. From the summit you can enjoy beautiful views of the surrounding.
In the park is very important place for Bosnians, where long years ago, in 1943, Bosnian army triumphed over the Germans. To commemorate this victorious, a few commemorative plaques was placed. It is mainly because of historic circumstance has been delineated the area of park to protect against damage, valuable for Bosnia and Herzegovina place.

Jajce

Jajce is situated in the central part of the state, near the city Cosici and Travnik. In previous centuries, the castle was built there and the reason why the rulers had their residences, was due to its excellent location.
This is a very unusual city because it is located on a hill-shaped egg. Therefore, owes its name to the shape of a hill. Entirely surrounded by defensive walls, for which you can get only a few brass gates. In the basement of the city are catacombs, which hides many secrets.
To this day, in good condition preserved a significant number of homes that Bosnians lived a few centuries ago. They decorate their homes in oriental style, very popular in the area of Bosnia. The city center is maintained entirely in one style – Turkish style. There, surrounded by narrow streets full of houses people from Jajce, rises the highest point where are the remains of the citadel.
Due to the remnants of the ancient temple and fortress, as well as due to buried in the basement of the prevailing almost VI centuries ago, kings – Jajce is quite an important center for tourism.
Another reason to visit this city is picturesque landscape. And by far the most beautiful place is a waterfall on the River Pliva. However, to understand this beauty, you have to go on a trip to Bosnia and Herzegovina and see the richness of nature with his own eyes.

Blagaj

Blagaj is a small town in southern Bosnia, having the characteristics of the city and the countryside. It has its very long history. Blagaj beginnings date back to 1520, although in fact the first mention of the settlements in this area occurred in the tenth century before Christ. His name is associated with a mild climate prevailing there (blaga – Serbian. mild).
Even from a distance you can see the fortress, built for Szcepan’a Vukczic’a, the last ruler Herzegovina. Not far from the fortress is situated the largest area attraction, the stone in which it is the the large, white house. In one of the rooms set are two tombs. It is one of the unique buildings called Tekija where people lived and where prayers were held.
Near the building is a cave in the middle of which is the source of the river Buna. Most likely source is the largest existing source in Europe. It flows out of the cave, turning into a large river. On one side of the river you can admire the panorama, with views of the Tekija and other interesting buildings.

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Is a country situated in the south-eastern part of Europe. In this area there are two historical lands – Bosnia (north-east) and Herzegovina (south-west). The country combines the beauty of mountain and sea areas. It has access to the Adriatic Sea, with 20-km long coastal strip line. Most of the area of Bosnia and Herzegovina (90%) occupy beautiful Dinaric Mountains. Their peaks reach over 2,000 one thousand above sea level, the highest of them is Maglic – 2386 meters above sea level. This creates perfect conditions for skiing and hiking. There is only one area of lowland, which representing 10% of the country, is situated near the river Sava and her major tributaries: rivers Bosna, Drina, Una, Vrbas.
Bosnia has many forests of all types and forests occupy half of the country. In these areas, national parks were created: Kozara, Sutjeska, Trebevic. The main animal species occurring there are bears (in the highest parts of the mountains), foxes, badgers, wolves, wild boar.
The region of Bosnia and Herzegovina is divided into warm continental temperate climate zone in the eastern and central parts and the Mediterranean climate of the west and south.
Monuments of the highest historical and cultural value are located in the „heart” of the state, which is its capital – Sarajevo. This city has the largest number of Ottoman buildings from of all European cities. In Sarajevo is also as many as 68 mosques and other precious relics.