Due to its important role in the reformation movement in Hungary, Debrecen was called ‚the Calvinist Vatican’ in the 16th century. In 1849 it was the capital of Hungary for a short time when the Hungarian revolutionary government fled there from Budapest.
The symbol of the city, the Classicist Great Calvinist Church, with an interior accomodating 3,000 persons, is the largest protestant church in the country. It was in here that Lajos Kossuth proclaimed the independence of Hungary from the Austrian Empire (neglected after the fall of the revolution).
Behind the Great Church you can find The Reformed College, where many famous Hungarians received their education. The 180 year-old building contains the Oratorium, the Great Library and the Exhibition of School History and Religious Art. The Great Library is the most fascinating. Rarities not only in Europe but in the World can be found there, dating back even to the 13th century. There is a Bible collection including volumes in more than 250 languages.
Déri Museum offers rich collections of art, archaeology, history and ethnography. Its greatest attraction is the world-famous Mihály Munkácsy’s Christ trilogy, three large paintings depicting Christ before Pilate, the Crucifixion, and Ecce Homo!
The Great Forest of Debrecen is a large recreational area in the north of the town. In its territory you can find the termal baths supplied by two mineral springs, as well as the Amusement Park and the Zoo.