Archive for the ‘The Coast of Montenegro’ Category

Ulcinj

Ulcinj is a very popular coastal town in the south Montenegro nearly boarding with Albania. The Ulcinj is characteristic because of its special subtropical climate, a vast area of beaches and outstanding nature and location. The town is surrounded by mountains’ range called Rumija where the highest peak reaches 1,427 m above sea level and is known as Kozjak. There are also lakes, swamps or rivers. The biggest river called Bojana flows through this spot and links Ulcinj with Albania. There are plenty of smaller bays where tourists can find calm and quiet place for themselves. The Ulcinj’ flora is abundant of various species. There can be found olive trees, oaks, marquis, palm trees, agaves, mimosas and much more. This region is famous for the salt work factory whose area spreads on about 15 kilometers and gives perfect conditions for birds’ life. Thanks to this, it is the ideal place for ornithologists who can observe diverse kind of birds like pelicans, ducks, songbirds and a lot of more. Moreover, the Ulcinj’s area can be a paradise for fishermen. The most interesting fish which can be haunted is Lica – a huge predator. In the town, there are several aquariums with numerous types of fishes and other sea creatures. The origins of history of Ulcinj is dating on Bronze Age. This place was probably inhabiting by Illyrians. Later, it belonged in sequence to the Roman Empire, the Byzantine Empire, the Republic of Venice and the Ottoman Empire to gain independence in 1878 by the decision of the Berlin Congress. Such the rich history had to express in the present look of the town. The most worth seeing is the old town surrounded by stonewalls and fortresses. Within this area, it is possibility to sightsee churches, mosques, palaces, Venetians’ buildings and much more. The majority of mentioned places were arranged into museums. However, what the most attracts tourists, it is Ulcinj’s beaches which stretch on the length of 18,10 km. The vastest sand beach in this area is called Velika Plaza (Long Beach) which has 13 km. It is so important because of the fact that it contains iodine and salt minerals which can improve our health, especially rheumatism and skin diseases. There are also several minor beaches situated in unspoiled little bays. The one of the most popular places in the vicinity of Ulcinj, it is Sasko Lake which is full of fishes, birds and diverse flora and fauna. Within the lake are remains from the Mongolians’ town called Svac. The curiosity is that Svac is considered to be the one place where were built 365 churches. Being in this town, it is necessary to see and feel the atmosphere of Ada Bojana – the island created by Bojana River in its delta. The island has a triangular shape and has 3 km sandy beach. This place is the best for doing water sports like windsurfing or kitesurfing. 

Petrovac

Petrovac na Moru is a small coastal town located on a seashore in south Montenegro. Nearby Petrovac, there are situated two the most known tourist centers in this country:  Budva and Bar. Although, the town does not impresses its size, it emanates the tranquil atmosphere which can be felt in two beautiful sand and pebble beaches that stretch on about 1000 m. At the end of the one mentioned beach is a small port and a fortress Castello. Thanks to this, Petrovas is being visited by crowds of tourists which are interested in more peaceful places in opposite to vibrant and bustling cities like for instance Budva. The Mediterranean climate, many charming small islands and islets, a bright bay hidden behind mild mountains covered with dense pine forests enchant another foreigners. There are two bigger islands: the Island Saint Sunday, where is situated a chapel, and the Island Katich. As the other spots in this area of Adriatic Sea, Petrovac na Moru was probably found in Roman times. The first sources about the town are dating on the 4th century but the first written records originates from the 12th or 13th century. Petrovac offers a lot of diverse possibilities for spending your free time. It can be excursion on boats flowing between other islands of this region or the possibility for renting scooters. 

Sveti Stefan

Sveti Stefan is an unique town on an islet located in southwest Montenegro nearby Budva. The whole island, laying on the cliff, connected with a mainland by a narrow isthmus, is covered with stone buildings with typical red roofs. It is also well-known for the most prestigious resort in Montenegro. A long history of these place started in about the 15th century when Sveti Stefan known as Divic was fortified village. Later, in the 20th century, the spot became a famous resort among celebrities from the world. Sveti Stefan was visited by such people as Marylyn Monroe, Claudia Schiffer or Sophia Loren. During a breakup of communism (region of Montenegro was included to Yugoslavia), the resort started to be distracted.  In 2007, Sveti Stefan was bought by Amanresorts operator and was designed only for resort’s guests. To the resort belong two kilometers of coastline with Milocer Beach and Queen’s Beach. The whole island counts 12,400 m2. Although it preserves the old look of medieval coastal town, it is now modernized on high standards and adapted for taking guests. Only north and south part of the island is open for other tourist who are not guests in this resort. 

Budva

Budva is the most known costal town in Montenegro thanks to its numerous beaches. It is situated in Budvanska Rivijera and is called “Montenegrin Miami” because of its bustling life, crowds of tourists and plenty of tourist resort tightly crammed in this place. Beaches in this area are stretching for about 11 km. The nature of the town is rich in various species of fauna and flora. The climate is Mediterranean, so here are perfect conditions for resting for a whole year. Only the swimming season lasts from the 10th of May to the 8th of November. Budva offers also various ways of active spending free time like paragliding, aqua ski, bungee jumping or diving. Not only can visitors be lured by beaches, the natural beauty of the spot or the vibrant nightlife but also by historical monuments, treasures of cultural heritage and a number of temples. Budva was found in the 5th century BC and is probably the oldest urban centers in the Adriatic counting 2,500 years old. The old town surrounding by stone walls lies on a peninsula and features precious remains after mainly The Middle Ages when Budva was under rule of the Republic of Venice. That is the reason why the bigger part of the town is arranged in Italian and Spanish style. The Budva Citadel (from V-VI century BC) being now a stage of city theatre, the church of Saint John (from VII century), the church Santa Maria from Punta (from 840), the church of Holy Trinity (from 1804) are only a few of many historical and cultural buildings in this town which are worth seeing. The Archeological Museum and the Ethnographic Museum collect all items relating to the past of this area. Within the region of Budva it is a possibility to visit several monasteries for instance the monastery Stanjevici and the monastery Rezevici. There are also two islands which are worth visiting. The Island Sveti Stefan which is known as a fashionable summer resort with beautiful nature around and the privatized Island Sveti Nokola covered with pin and spruce forests.  

Risan

Risan  is a town being the oldest settlement in the area of Bay of Kotor. It is situated at the foot of hill called Gradina and is surrounded by two mountains range: Ledenice and Zvecana. Its origins dates on the 3rd century BC when Risan was the main Illyrians’ fortress. In the firsts ages our era, Risan has belonged to Greeks and from this period remained the best cultural treasures such as marble palaces with mosaics and various sculptures. Risan is also the largest archaeological site in Montenegro. Risan’s mosaics are dating between 2-3 century BC. In the 7th and the 8th centuries, Risan was in the earthquake zone and the most of the town sank in the depths of Adriatic Sea. Nowadays, Risan is a small port and tourist destination because of its beaches. The worth remembering it is the one which presents a God Hypnos, because it is the only one depicting a figure of God on this part of Adriatic Sea. In a centre of Risan tourist can visit Ivelić Palace situated on Gabela Street. The building was put up in the 18th century and inter alia was used as a mustering place for people escaping to Russia.
TIVAT – in opposite to Risan, is a youngest town situated in the central part of the Bay of Kotor in southwest Montenegro. Tivat lies at the foot of the Mountain Lovcen and from the south of the mount Vrmac. Nature of this place is abundant with diverse flora’s and fauna’s species. What is worth visiting, it is the most famous Big city park which is known as the biggest botanic garden in this area of Sea Adriatic. In Tivat, tourists can relax on the one of a few magnificent beaches called Plavi Horizonti (Blue horizons). The beach has suitable location because it is naturally hidden from the wind. Moreover, it is covered with a small sand which is considered to be appropriate for the curing from the rheumatism. The second place for sunbathing and swimming is Island Sveti Marko which is now abandoned and overgrown by grass and weed. What can be interesting and attractive in this area, it is a beach with its unique look. If you are fond of cultural and historical site of Tivat you should visit although several from many of temples and monuments in this region. The one of them is the medieval complex of the monastery saint Archangel Michael that is a perpetual resource for archeologists. This complex lies on the Prevlaka Island known also as the flowers’ island. The another place which should be visit, is the renaissance Summer House Buca located in the center of Tivat. The building is compounded with 5 facilities made of fine white trimmed stone. Here are organized diverse cultural events, exhibitions. What can grew the amusement in the first moment, it is a possibility to visit Consulate of the Socialistic Federative Republic of Yugoslavia. It is a museum whose purpose is to approach the communist product which was Yugoslavia. In the hinterland of Tivat lies a small village called Gornja Lastva which represents typical rural area. It is located on the slopes of the hill Vrmac. It is a curious place because of small simply built houses, the baroque church of the Birth of the Holy mother of God. There are orginised various events or festivals according to local culture and tradition.

Perast

Perast  is a small coastal town located in the Bay of Kotor at the foot of the hill St. Elijah. Nearby Perast there are situated two artificial islands, Gospa od Skrpijela and Sveti Djordje, which were built with rocks. On these islands were put up churches with, in the first -an icon of St. Mary, and in the second- Church of St. Djordje which belongs to the Benedictine Monastery. The town is famous for its baroque architecture in the venetian style. These buildings look that because Perast was under Venetian Republic between the 13th and 18th centuries. Tourists can visit here a couple of churches: St. Nicholas Church, Our Lady of the Rosary, Church of St. John the Baptist, St. Anne’s Church and much more,as well as 19 palaces such as SestokrilovicPalace, Lucic – Kolovic – Matikola Palace or Zmajevic Palace, from which twelve represent Perast brotherhoods. There are fortress of St. Cross from XVI century which is located above Perast. Sightseers can choose from the selection of a few museums: the Museum of Perast being in the Bujovic palace rearranged in 1957, the Museum of the Church of Saint Nicholas with a belfry collecting crosses, icons, paintings or chalices, and the museum in the Church of Our Lady of the Rock with collections of stone monuments, weapons or tools from the past. The most recognizable temple in Perast is the St. Nicholas Church (from 1616)located on the main square which connects different styles of architecture: Baroque, Romanesque and Renaissance styles. In Perast, although there are not beaches, but tourists can visit two small places near the coat such as Mandrac –a sheltered enclosure for boats and Ponta – a small stone quay several seats. It is perfect for walking in the rays of the setting sun.

Herceg Novi

Herceg Novi is a wonderful town situated on the northwest coast of Montenegro. It is so significant because of its location and geography. On the one site – from the coast, Herceg Novi entrances the Bay of Kotor (being a part of the Association of most beautiful bays in the world) and from the second site, it is closed by mountains Orjen. It has an extensive coastline with the peninsula Lustica, the capes Ostro, and Miristine and some hills like Dobrostica (1570) and Radostak (1441). The town offers also numerous paths for walking or hiking which are hidden in abundant flora. Here, it can be found typical Mediterranean plants and mimosa with Autralian origins, magnolia and even endemic plant species. Not only do tourists delight this site of the Nature, but also rich fauna, especially living underwater. Herceg Novi is worth seeing also because of its history. The town was founded in 1382 by King Tvrtko I Kotromanic and was called Castel Nuovo. Through ages Herceg Novi was under rules by different countries: Turkey, Venetia, Spain, Russia, French and Austro-Hungry. Thanks to this, on this area could have developed various cultures. Remains after these epochs are represented by temples of different religions, fortifications which has been built by occupying this region armies and other buildings. What is necessary to visit the first, it is the Old Town surrounding by the wall from XIV-XIX century. Here, it can see a lot of old, well-preserved monuments, buildings,  fortresses Forte Mare (XIV century), Kanli kula (XV century), the Square of Herceg Stjepan with the church of Sveti Arhandjel Mihajlo and the Square Mico Pavlovic with the church of Sveta Jeronima, the long stairs called skaline leading through the narrow charming streets of Herceg Novi. The second place you have to visit, is the Homeland Museum which exhibition are connected with culture, history and nature of the town. The only building of the museum is worth seeing. It was built in XVII and represents the baroque style. The another position which should be found on sightseers’ list is Igalo – a health complex which offers various techniques of healing our tired body like massages, electro therapies, and much more.

Kotor

KOTOR is a beautiful coastal city from Middle Ages located on Adriatic Sea in Bay of Kotor. It was built between the 12th and the 14th century. Remains after this period of time have been appreciated and Kotor has been listed on the “World Natural and Historical Heritage Site”. The most remarkable is Stari Grad (Old Town) to which we can enter via three gates. Within this areas it can be seen narrow streets, stone buildings and a typical medieval layout surrounded by the ancient walls. What is worth seeing, it is the Cathedral of Saint Tryphon built in 1166 in the Romanesque-Gothic style. Here is situated plenty of temples like  St. Lucas Church (1195), St. Mary’s Church (1221), St. Michael’s Church (XIV), and much more and also a lot of palaces. The more interesting example of it, is a baroque palace Grgurin from the XVII century which was re-arranged and adapted to the Maritime Museum. One of the best attraction for visitors, is the fortress Sveti Ivan which lies on 280 m above sea level above the city. What is the most attracting in it, it is a fabulous and breathtaking view on the landscape of the Bay of Kotor. In this area are situated two island: Gospa od Skrpijela and Sveti Djordje. Tourists can get there with barges. Related to a legend  Gospa od Skrpijela is an artificial island made with big stones brought on boats by seaman. In the centre of the island was built a church. Kotor offers a lot of Carnivals and festivals which gives additional charm and creates unique atmosphere of this amazing city. The nature of this place is also remarkable. It is abundant of various forms of terrains, especially connected with coastline like peninsulas, plenty of indentations into the mainland, islands and islets or bays but also there are some hills of the limestone Lovcen mountains. Thanks to this, Kotor is an ideal place for walking and hiking. Funs of mountains have possibility to gain the height of 1657m above the sea level where is placed the Lake Peak nearby which is situated the mausoleum of Petra II Petrovic Njegos – the king and the poet of Montenegro. Kotor is also prepared for all of them who love other kinds of sport. Here, funs of water sports find the water polo school “Primorac”, the sailing club “Lahor”, the diving club “Zubatac” and much more.

Bay of Kotor

BAY OF KOTOR is a bay situated in southwestern Montenegro on the Adriatic Sea. It belongs to the Natural and Culturo-Historical Region of Kotor and a World Heritage Site UNESCO. The boarders of this region are indicated by the Orten National Park and Lovcen National Park. Although, it is often called as a fjord because of its view, in fact it is a stunning submerged river canyon composed of four smaller bays. These region has been inhabited since antiquity. Plenty of medieval buildings like churches, palaces, fortresses, walls or towns’ layouts have been well-preserved. There are also conducted archeological researches whose results show how old and plenteous is this region. Within the area of the bay are located three coastal big cities valuable for their cultural and historical past. There are Kotor, Herceg Novi and Tivat. We can also meet with various cultures of Serbs, Montenegrins or Croats. On account of a huge Italian’s influence on this sociality, local people often use the Italian language. The nature of the bay of Kotor is abundant of diverse types of animals or plants and enchants everybody who see this place. For visitors there are a lot of attractions. In spite of visiting the three mentioned cities, there are also others like Perast, Risan, Sveti Stefan or Budva. Tourists can choose excursions on small boats or barges and flow along the coast and visit nearby islands and islets.