Archive for the ‘Silesia’ Category

Ksiaz castle

Ksiaz is located in Poland’s Lower Silesia region, within the administrative borders of Walbrzych. It is famous for The Ksiaz Castle situated on a rock cliff by the side of the Pelcznica River and surrounded by the forest. The Ksiaz Castle is Poland’s third largest castle. It was built in the 13th  century. Today, after many changes the castle has about 400 chambers, over 200 fireplaces and is characterized by many different styles. The biggest and richest room is the 18th century ballroom- Maximilian Hall. The Baroque interior, splendid mirrors, antique mantelpieces offer a magnificent view. An ideal place to relax are lovely terraced gardens, located on the hills around the castle. The Ksiaz Castle also houses an art gallery, restaurants and three hotels. Its hugness, variety of architectural styles and picturesque setting will fascinate even the most demanding visitors.

Swidnica

Swidnica is a city in southwestern Poland, in Lower Silesia Voivodeship. The most important monument of Swidnica is a Chuch of Peace. It was one of the three places in Silesia where Protestantism was permitted after the Thirty Years’ War. Churches of Peace had to be built outside the city walls and made of wood with no nails or constructed of other materials like sand or clay in less than a year. In 2001 the Church of Peace in Swidnica was listed in the UNESCO World Heritage Site. Another very interesting town building is a Gothic 14th century Cathedral. It is the largest church in Lower Silesia. The nave is 71 m long and 25 m high. The tower beside the church is the highest in Silesia (103 m high). The Town Hall, historic statues and nearby beautiful houses in the center of Swidnica attracts tourists attention.

Czestochowa

Czestochowa is a city located in the heart of southern Poland in Silesian Voivodeship. It is known as the spiritual capital of Poland. The main place to visit in Czestochowa is the Monastery of Jasna Gora, which is home to the miraculous icon of the Virgin Mary “Black Madonna”. A lot of people come to this icon to worship. They believe that the icon has healing power. Czestochowa is visited by 3-4 mln pilgrims every year. Lovers of history can enjoy the churches, monasteries, museums. An interesting industrial monuments of Czestochowa are: The Museum of Matches and The Railway History Museum. They are the part of Industrial Monuments Route. Moreover, there is a beautiful Town Hall in the Old Town Market Square. Walking along the Holy Virgin Mary Avenue you can feel the exceptional, spiritual atmosphere of the city.

Wroclaw

Wroclaw is a city situated in southwestern Poland. It is the capital of the Lower Silesia Voivodeship. As a city on the Odra River Wroclaw has 12 islands and over 100 bridges. It is one of the oldest and largest cities in Poland. Wroclaw is a University city full of life, cultural events and museums. There are many interesting historical buildings like Market Square with the 14th -15th century Gothic Town Hall, the famous Leopoldin Hall at the University, Ossolineum Institute, Gothic Cathedral of St. John and many other churches, monasteries and convents on the Cathedral Island called Ostrow Tumski (the oldest part of Wroclaw). A particular attraction is the Battle of Raclawice Panorama- the famous painting by Jan Styka and Wojciech Kossak, depicting the victorious battle of the Polish rebelliants against the Russian army in 1794. There is also the Centennial Hall listed in the UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2006. It was constructed by the modernist architect Max Berg in 1911-1913 as a multi-purpose recreational building. Wroclaw boasts Poland’s largest and most famous zoo, botanical garden and Japanese garden. Everyone can find here something for himself.

Karkonosze National Park

The Karkonosze Mountains are the highest part of the Sudety mountain range. Large areas of the mountains are preserved as the Karkonosze National Park. The Park also includes two separate enclaves: Szklarka Waterfall and Chojnik Mountain with a castle. It is situated in southwestern Poland, along the border with the Czech Republic. The Karkonosze National Park was created in 1959. The most interesting features of the landscape are postglacial kettles with vertical walls, peat bogs, tarns, boulder fields and numerous single rocks. The highest peak of Karkonosze and the Sudety mountain range is Sniezka (1603 m above sea level), with a meteorological observatory on the top. Its slopes are covered with boulder field. In the Park there are over 1,300 different species of plants. Many of them are rare or endangered. In Karkonosze live several thousand species of animals: mammals: 60 species, amphibians: 6 species, reptiles: 6 species, vertebrates: over 320 species, invertebrates: about 15,000 species. The Park’s attraction are mouflons and red deers. Near the Park border, there is the Kamienczyk waterfall (27 m high)- the highest waterfall in the Polish part of Karkonosze. The Karkonosze National Park has a very good tourist infrastructure: mountain hostels, well-marked trails, bicycle routes, trails for skiing and possibility of crossing the Czech Republic border at tourist trails. Karpacz and Szklarska Poreba are the main tourist centres of the Karkonosze Mountains.