Archive for the ‘Warmia & Masuria’ Category

Elblag-Ostroda Canal

Elblag-Ostroda Canal is a wonderful work of hydraulic engineering and a world-class monument. Thanks to it, thousands tons of wood, food and steel was transported to this region. What is more, canal provided significant development for the region. Canal has 80.5 km in length. It can accommodate small vessels up to 50 tons displacement. The difference in water levels approaches 100 m and is overcome using lock and a remarkable system of tracks between lakes. Due to large differences in height between lakes, an ingenious system of inclined planes was employed.  In order to make up a 100 m difference in levels, ships are transported on land, on tracks.

Today the Canal  is used mainly for recreational purposes. It is considered one of the most significant monuments related to the history of technology and was listed by UNESCO as a memorial to world culture inheritances.

It is one of the greatest tourist attractions in Northern Poland. Boat trips are organised from Elbląg to Maldyty and Ostroda as well as trips just to see the slipways in operation.


Wolf’s Lair

Wolf’s Lair was Adolf Hitler’s military headquarters from 1941 -1944, located in the Masurian woods. It was built for German invasion of the Soviet Union (Operation Barbarossa). It consisted of 3 separate security zones, creating a hidden town in the woods. There were around 200 buildings: shelters, barracks as well as two airports and a railway station. The complex was dynamited and abandoned in 1945, but many of the bunkers were so heavy that their damaged walls and ceilings remained. The remains are located in Poland, in Gierloz (near Ketrzyn).
It was here that count Claus von Stauffenberg made an attempt of Hitler’s assassination.

The Great Masurian Lakes

Great Masurian Lakes boast the largest number of lakes in Poland. It is a unique area in the whole country and Europe – extremely rich in terms of nature, full of historical monuments and adored by fans of water sports, fishing and tourists. The Great Lakes are famous for its numerous habitats of rare birds. It is a region of scenic beauty of more than thousands lakes(including the largest in Poland called Sniardwy). The place is covered with forests and a great number of lakes linked by rivers and canals. The well-developed tourist base gives you the opportunity to hire the necessary equipment without any difficulty. There is a lot of tourist resorts with many things to do. Gizycko is considered to be “the sailing capital of Poland”. It is one of the main ports on the trail of the Great Masurian Lakes. The city is situated on six lakes. There is a harbor and hire company where you can hire a sailboat and set off for a cruise. What is more, the city is famous for Boyen Fortress – a rare example of the19th  century Prussian-school fortification. In Summer the Boyen Fortress serves for entertainment: concerts, festival. The most popular is “Sailing and Maritime Song Festival”. Another resort- Mikołajki is full of expensive and posh sailboats, hotels and restaurants.

Olsztyn

Olsztyn is the most important city in the region of Warmia. Besides that it is the capital of the voivodeship, Olsztyn is a place where tourists can explore marvelous architecture as well as virgin land with a lot of lakes and forest.
Many of the main monuments surround the main square: Upper Gate, Old Town Hall, Archsee Basilica of St James the Elder and a fabulous castle. The castle was built in the 14th century. In this Gothic building you can see the astronomical table, which is the only astronomical tool preserved in the world, made and used by Nicolas Copernicus. This brilliant scientist lived in the castle for several years. Near the castle, at the junctions of Zamkowa and Okopowa Street there is a bench with a sculpture of Nicolas Copernicus. Anyone who sits on the sculpture and grabs its nose, will have luck with money.
It is very easy to reenter the earth’s atmosphere without using spacecraft. You only need to visit Planetarium, where lights on a curved ceiling show the movements of planets and stars. A little bit further can be found the Museum of Warmia and Masuria. If you are fed up with architecture you can rest and lounge on the bank of lake or stroll along the promenade. The city also offer excellent cuisine, which have connections with German, Polish and Lithuanian food. The most popular are “dzyndzalki”, special buckwheat grouts’ dumplings.

Lidzbark Warminski

Lidzbark Warminski is a town in the Warmian- Masurian Voivodeship, in northeastern Poland. The town was originally an old Prussian settlement until being conquered by Teutonic Knights. Lidzbark castle was built on a site previously occupied by a small Prussian fort called Lecbarg. The castle is one of the best-preserved Gothic castles in Poland. This breathtaking building was built at the confluence of two rivers, the Samsarny and the Lyna. In the 14th century it became the seat for the Bishopric of Warmia. The basic structure of the castle consists of four wings. For many years the castle had been enlarged. After the 16th century he lost his defensive character and turned into a splendid ducal court with rich furniture, libraries and art. Unfortunately, the castle began to collapse, as the Warmia was included in Prussia. In the 20th  century began the first complex restoration works. Currently, the castle houses the Museum of Warmia. Tourists can admire beautiful chambers, exhibitions of medieval art and Teutonic Prussia. One of the most dazzling part is the castle courtyard with the openwork cloister. They are considered masterpiece of Gothic art in Poland.