Archive for the ‘Banat and Crisana’ Category

Oradea

Oradea

Oradea, as all western Romanian cities, during its history get under the rule of different countries – Hungary, Ottoman empire and Austria. The influences of this changes are visible today. Due to its military importance, in 12th century there was built a citadel, which is now listed on a UNESCO World Heritage List.
After a great fire in 18th century, a lot of Oradea building was reconstructed in new manner – secessionist. Vieneese architect Franz Anton Hillebrandt create in Oradea a atmosphere of central – european city. One of his projects was Bishop’s Palace, amazing, monumental building, which now houses Museum of the Crisana Region.
On the warmer days, the best way to view the city is from one of cafés located on a banks of Crisu Repede river.

Satu Mare and Negresti-Oas

satu mare

The name of Satu Mare means literally „Big village” and come from medieval chronicles from 10th century. During the history, it changed a rulers several times, to Hungarians, Ottomans and Habsburgs, and now it is still a border city, located only 20 minutes from hungary. in 18th and 19th century this localisation cause fast expansion, aspecially after building the one of themost important railway lines of that time.
On a central square of the city, Piata Libertatii, is located one of the city landmarks – seccessian Dacia Hotel. Other interesting buildings are 47 meters hidr firemen’s tower, the old city hall and military barracks. As a testimony of a cultural diversity, the city has four churches – Roman catholic cathedral, Orthodox Church of the Archangels Michael and Gabriel, Hungarian reformed church, calledChain church, and the synagogue.

North from Satu Mare lies land called Tara Oasuli. The central city of this rural country is Negresti-Oas, where is located regional museum. Large ethnographic colletction contain also open air part, where can be seen the work of widmill or a smithy. For those, who have more time, the longer visit in a nearby villages is recommended.

Timisoara

timisoara

Placed in a very west of Romania, Timisoara has very central-european character. Secessionist palaces, city greenery and cosmopolitan atmosphere makes Timisoara named Little Vienna. The newest history of a city also brings important moments, as Timisoara was the place of first anti-communist protests. The details of the events are showed in The Memorial Museum of 1989 Revolution.
It is hard to say, which one of old town squares is the center of the city. The Victory Square (Piata Victoriei), houses Romanian Orthodox Metropolitan Cathedral and National Theater, Union Square (Piata Unirii) has two cathedrals – Romano-catholic and Serbian Orthodox. Both, as well as Freedom Square (Piata Libertati) are surrounded by magnificent secessionist and baroque palaces. Interested in art nouveau style has to visit some of residential districts – Jesefin, Elisabetin or Fabric.
The oldest building in Timisoara is Huniade Castle (Castelul Huniazilor), built in 15th century. Reconstructed by Habsburgs, houses now a Historical and Archaeological part of Banat Museum.