Archive for the ‘Dobrogea’ Category

Tulcea and Danube Delta

tulcea and danube

Tulcea is the best point, to start exploring Danube Delta, amazing biosphere reservation. But before someone jump into wildlife in uncommon concentration, it is worth to see what this former Dacian site can offer.
Settled in 7th century BC, was named Aegyssus, from the name of first ruler. Up to these times dates archeological site – Parcul Monumentul Independentei. Farther information can be get in the History and Archeology Museum. In the city works also Art museum, Folk Art and Ethnographic museum, with wide collection of household items and traditional costumes, and the obligatory point – Danube Delta Natural History Museum. Get the knowledge about flora, fauna and the lives of Danube fishermen, before you will see it in natural environment.
Through the Danube Delta leads three main arms, named of the cities at its ends – Chilia Arm, which is the border with Ukraine, Sulina Arm, the shortest one, and Sfantu Gheorghe. All routs pass by fishermen’s villages, some of them represents culture of Old Believers – part of orthodox church, persecuted in Russia from 17th century.
As a UNESCO Natural World Heritage Site, the Danube Delta covers a unusual variety of species. Almost 3,500 species of animals, include 300 species of birds. With a largest number of white pelicans and Dalmatian pelicans, nest of glossy ibis and red-breasted goose, Danube Delta is a paradise for birds watchers. For those, who like fishing there is also such opportunity, in one of many Delta’s lakes.

Murfatlar and Adamclisi

murfatlar

Murfatlar cave complex, up to 2007 known as Basarabi cave complex, is a christian monastery complex located in a chalk caves. Used between 9th and 11th century, Murfatlar complex contains remains of six churches, some cellars and tombs. On the walls was founded texts in different languages and alphabets – old Slavic Glagolitic and Cyrillic, Greek alphabet and Turic Runes. In the pictures of the ship, some want to see Viking’s longship – drekar. It is quite sure, that Vikings passed by this lands in their way to Byzantium, but the drawings may refer to any other Black Sea ship.
In spite of cave complex, Murfatlar is famous also of its vineyards. Podgoria Murfatlar, laying in the suburbs of a town, has a small museum and offers wine testing.

Nearby village Adamclisi houses monument from the beginning of 2nd century. The Tropaeum Traiani, “the monument of Traian victory”, and it commemorates victory over Dacians. The majority of a monument is reconstructed, but the foundation is original.

Constanta

constanta2

Former Greek and Roman settlement Tomis, changed its name in honour to emperor Constantine. This port on the Black Sea coast was important in times of Genoese Merchants, Ottoman Empire left here some eastern influences. At the beginning of 20th century, king Carol transformed Constanta into popular health resort, but after the second world war more important was industrialisation, which made Constanta the biggest port on the black sea.
From the Roman times dates remains of cities commercial centre and public baths. Only one third of colourful mosaic last to our times, but its still impressive. The mosaic exhibition is a part of history and archaeology museum, located nearby. Huge collection of Greek and Roman vessels, jewellery and sculptures is completed with artefacts from later times, up to nowadays.
Two buildings in Constanta was build in honour for different cultures, important in the history of city. Built in 1860 Farul Genovez, is a lighthouse commemorate Genoese merchants, trading in Constanta in 13th century. The second one, Mahmudyie mosque, was a gift from king Carol, to the community of Muslims, and serve them till today. The pride of beautiful interior is a huge carpet, made in Istanbul and covering whole floor, and from the fifty meters high minaret spreads the view on the city and the sea.