Archive for the ‘Central Slovenia’ Category

Ljubljana

The city’s history began around 2000 BC, when first people started building stilt houses in this area. In Roman times it was military a camp, called Emona. Ljubljana was first mentioned in the early 12th century. In 1270 the land was conquered by King Ottokar II of Bohemia, but eight years later he was defeated by Rudolf I von Habsburg, who changed the city’s name to Laibach. In 1511, Ljubljana was destroyed by an earthquake and then rebuilt in the Renaissance style. Later, during the 500-year reign of the Habsburgs, the Baroque style was dominating. After another major earthquake in 1895, the reconstruction brought some modernist elements, like Art Nouveau. After the II World War Ljubljana became the capital of Socialist Republic of Slovenia, then, in 1991, of independent Slovenia.
Today’s architecture is a mix of styles. One of the most impressive buildings, a central point of the city, is the castle. It was built in the 12th century, but many of its parts are in Gothic and Renaissance styles. The Presernov Trg is the central square, dominated by the facade of Franciscan church of the Annunciation, built between 1646 and 1660. Characteristic elements on the square are also buildings Ura and Centromerkur in the Art Nouveau style.
The city’s symbol is a dragon. The Dragon Bridge, built in 1901, replacing the old wooden construction, is considered as the most beautiful bridge of the Vienna Secession style. It is one of the first bridges madeof iron-concrete in Europe. Another important building is the Cathedral of  Saint Nicholas’s, built at the beginning of 18th century.
In Ljubljana, every year there are about 10,000 different types of cultural events. The most common are: Medieval Days, Ana Desetnica Festival (street theatre), Exodus (dance theatre), Ljubljana Summer Festival (classical music) and Timfest Festival (alternative art).