Archive for the ‘Ukraine’ Category

Sviatohirsk, Sviatohirsk lavra

Sviatohorska_Lavra

Sviatohirsk, small town in the Denetsk oblast with the impressive monastery located on the bank of the Seversky Donets River. The Sviatohirsk Cave Monastery or The Svyatogorsk Lavra is the historic Orthodox Church monastery. The monks showed up in Sviatohirsk propably in 14th -15th century. The official date of set up Sviatohirsk Uspensky Monastery is 1624, but there are some written mention from 1526 about monastery. During the Crimean Tatars monastery was many times attacked and destroyed. When the Catherine II was exercising authority, in 1788 monastery was shut down. Next years Aleksander Mikhailovich Potemkin built palace on a chalk mountain and helped rebuilt the remains of the buildings monastery. In 1844 thanks of Emperor Nikolai I sviatohirsk monastery was reopen. During the next years the monks discovered the ancient caves, continued the underground corridors and built cave churches and sviatohirsk lavra became one of the most important monasteries of the Russian Empire. During the Soviet Times, monastery was destroyed like another religion attractions in USSR.  After the independence of Ukraine, monastery was restored and refurbished. Today, there are living about 100 people. Monastery consists of  magnificent Assumption Cathedral at 54 meters above the ground, cave churches and cells. the Joann Zatvornik Grave, the Stairs of Saint Cyril and Methodius,the Intercession Church etc.

Donetsk

donetsk

Donetsk, one of the largest city in Ukraine. The city is located near the deposts of coal and the first coal pits appeared around Cossack settlement of Alexandrovka, founded in 1779 (the site of present day Donetsk). The Welsh businessman John Hughes established in 1869 first ironworks to produce iron rails for Russia. The city started growing rapidly until World War II, when was under the regime of Germans. Donetsk area was included to a Jewish ghetto and a concentration camp, the city was damaged. Donetsk condition before destruction came back soon around 1950.
Today, Donetsk is variously called: industrial city or host city for Euro 2012 or the city of One Million Roses. Although it is production city, a lot of parks and greenspaces was created. City was even choosen the cleanest industrial city of the world in 1970 by UNESCO. Nickname of Donetsk is the City of Million Rose, beacause over 1 milion roses is growing in the city, where one rose per one person. No one can be bored in this city. There are around 140 museums and museum rooms in Donetsk, Examples of interesting museum are Museum of Donetsk railway, Donetsk Art Museum or The House of Hughes. In the city tourists can admire monuments like Holy Transfiguration Cathedral, Donetsk Catholic Church or Donetsk Orthodox Church. The heart of the city is Lenin Square, surrounded by the Philarmonia, Drama Theatre and the Ministry of Mining Industry, in the middle is situated The Lenin Monument. This place is organized many public events, celebration and sport competition. Another attractions which are in Donietsk: Planetarium, Dolphinarium, Dombass Area or Artyoma street, where we can find boutiques, shopping malls, cozy cafes and luxury restaurants.

Dnepropetrovsk

dnepropetrovsk

Dnepropetrovsk, Dnipropetrovsk, third most populated city in Ukraine. Industrial city, which is connection old architecture with modern buildings. Dnepropetrovsk is major center of high technology, education, machine building and metallurgy industries. There are famed for skyscrapers, while has also the historical legendary place like Monastic Island. This is the historical core of the city and one of the favorite place to rest by visitors and residents. The part of the island is rocky, while on the other side there are sand and beaches. Probably at the 11th century there was the Byzantine monastery. For centuries island was used to relaxation place during the trade or military expeditions.

One of the most significant monument in Dnepropetrovsk is Palace of Potiomkin which is situated in Shevchenko Park. During the World War II palace was burned In 1952 building was rebuilt and became the Palace of culture of students. The city has a variety of theatres, operas, parks and museums of interest to tourists. Worth to visit are Art Museum, Shevchenko Park or Historical Museum. The main street is named Marx Avenue Prospekt with Globa’s Park, administration bulildings, theater and opera, etc. Dnepropetrovsk Embankment on the Dnepr river is the longest in Europe, his lenght is around 23 km. Monuments worth to visit are Holy Transfiguration Cathedral, which is the most important, Bryansk (Nicholas) Church known as House of Organ and Chamber Music and Holy Trinity Cathedral. Despite of being the high technology city has one of the shortest subways in the world, has only 6 stations with 7,8 km lenght.

Zaporizhia, Zaporozhye

zaporozye

Zaporizhia, Zaporozhye,  used to be called Alexandrovsk, lies at the Dnieper River. Known as the industrial city. In the middle of the city is situated Khortitsa (Khortytsia) Island. The pearl of the city, considered to one of the “Ukraine’s seven wonders” and Ukrainian National Reserve.

In 16th century located by Sech, which at the next two centuries was the centre of Ukrainian Cossacks. That’s why in the north part of island are situated museum of the history of Zaporozhye Cossacks, memorial and tourist complex Scynthian Camp, Zaporozhye Sich and Zaporozhye oak. The last one is 700-year-old giant tree, symbol of the Ukrainian Cossacks. Zaporozhye Sich is the historical and cultural complex consists of reconstruction houses, outbuildings and church from the 16-17th century, gave the atmosphere that centuries. From the Scynthian Camps viewpoint can admire great view for hydroelectric station which is characteristic and interesting building. Next to them is museum of the history of DnieproGES. Another industries side of the city are two bridges situated over the Dniepr. One of them is the largest in Ukraine. Interesting thing, that there is posses the longest Ukrainia children railway, which is running all year. In the city centre from the raiwail station to the DnieproGES is the main street Lenin avenue. Total length is about 11 km, and it’s causes the longest avenue in Europe. Along the avenue there are many cultural, education institution, reastaurants, squares with fontains and admistration buildings. At the end of street around the dam is built the best examples of Soviet urban art. Interensting museum is Retro Cars Museum consists of 22 cars. 

Kharkiv

kharkov

Kharkiv is the second largest city in Ukraine with 1,5 milions inhabitants. City is located in the northeastern part of the country. Founded in 1654 by Cossacks whose a group of mostly East Slavic people, centrum of ukrainie culture under Russian Empire. Curentlly, Kharkiv is important centre of Ukrainian: culture, science, education and industry. City has really oustanding symbol names mirror stream. Monument consist of the fountain and the arbor, which is under protection of UNESCO. It is situated in the Victory park in front of Kharkiv National Academic Opera and Ballet Theater.

Freedom square is the main squere in the city. Interesting is that place is the second in Europe and nineth in the world the largest city centre square. Most characteristic point in squere is Derzhprom or Gosprom, built in 1926-1928 in style names constructivist architecture. At that time Gosprom became the first skyscraper in whole country, the highest in USSR and the second in Europe. In Kharkiv is situated also many historical attractions. Worth of visiting are Annunciation Cathedralthe, main Orthodox church in city built in 17th century, Assumption Cathedral or Dormition Cathedral, with neoclassical cathedral bell tower and height of 90 meters. Interesting historical attraction is Memorial Complex of Glory and World War Tank. First object is situated in the forest park and commemorate Soviet citizens in the fight against the Nazi invaders.

Pochaev, Pochaiv

pochaev

Pochaev, Pochaiv is the small town known as the second  Ordtodox Monastery of Ukraine. According to some accounts, monastery is formed by monks who fled from the Kyivan Cave Monastery during the Tatar invasion of 1240. In the ending of the 16th century nobleman Anna Goiskaya donated assets, lands and preasure The Virgin icon. In 1675 during the Turks and Tatars attacked monastery was saved by an apparition of the Mother of God. In 18th century, monastery developed it into culture and publishing centre.In the late 19th century an icon painting workshop and a historical museum were established. Many buildings were rebuilt and expanded.

Monastery is situated on the hill of about 50 meters over Pochaev city, set on the cliffside. Complex consists of main Dormition Cathedral in Rococo style,  the monks cells, The Trinity Church,Bell tower (on of the tallest in Ukraine), Assumption Cathedral and the bishop’s residence or The cave churches of St Job and of Sts Anthony and Theodosius.Old legend says that there is underground tunnel connecting Pochaiv and Kiev Pechersk Lavra.

Khotyn

khotyn

Khotyn, small town with the impressive fortress over the Dniester river. In Ukraine is known as one of the “Ukraine’s seven wonders”. The fortress was the place the most important battle in 1621, which was decided of the fate of Europe. Poland was attacked by Sultan Osman II, Turkish commander. Polish and Cossacks army was thrice smaller than Turks. Everything pointed at fast Osman II victory. But the battle lasted five weeks until ended the peace treaty and the fortress was still impregnable. For the celebration of glory in 370 anniversary of victory monument was erected in honor of Ukrainian Hetman, Petro Sahaidachnyi. In 1718 French military engineers built the New Castle (1200 x 250 m), consisting of a ditch, billow, seven bastions and three gates. In 1856 is became a tourist object and lost the military statue.

The Khotyn fortress was the popular place to filming the movie like The Three Musketeers, Black arrow or Arrows of Robin Hood. Every each year in Khotyn castle is organising reconstruction battle and in spring festival and recostruction “Battle of the nations”.

Ternopil

Ternopil

Ternopil, the city lies along the upper Seret River. Ternopil was formed in 16th century. In spite of destroying wars which the town faced several times, many monuments of architecture, history and culture are survived. In the city centre is located the lake surrounded by a park (only two cities in Europe), which it makes really special place. Like another cities in western part of Ukraine Ternopil has the castle, the pearl of the city. Built in 1540 by the hetman Jan Tarnowsky. Several times castle had destroyed, and finally renoveted in 1951. Nowaday, bulding is the house the exhibition halls and sport centre.
Among the monuments, there is Dominican Church from the 18th century in the European Baroque style. Unfortunately was heavily damaged and later rebuilt in 1953. For several years he was part of the local history museum. In 1992 the church was returned to Ternopil community of Greek Catholics. Others monuments are Vozdvizhenski church from 1570, Church of the Nativity and Shevchenko Drama Theater, which looks really impressive. Among many museums unusual place to visiting is the Museum of Political Prisoners (the largest in Ukraine), which is located in a former KGB jail. The exhibition contains life in the camps in Gulag, repressive methods of the Soviet secret police or look the life under the nationalist regime. Interesting point of the city is three humours monuments in the city centre opened in 2010.

Kamianets-Podilskyi, Kamianets-Podolskyi

Kamianets-Podilskyi

Kamianets-Podilskyi, Kamianets-Podolskyi, historical town, where you can feel it in every corner. Kamianets-Podilskyi is situated on the river Smotrych. There are over 200 munemnts in the city. The main attraction is an old fortress built in 11-12th century. Thanks of the location surrounded by a canyon with the river Smotrich, capture the fortification was almost impossible. In 1915 after the october revolution archive it Austria-Hungary army. The fortification with fortres and fortress bridge is considered the best fortification in Eastern Europe. In 1996 National Natural Park „Podolskiye Tovtry” was established and it was beggining to restoration the old town and  growth the tourism.

Walking around the city is great opportunity to admire charming streets and old churchs. Examples of the religion monuments are St. Apostles Peter and Paul Polish cathedral, Turkish minaret, Francisco Polish church or Armenian Nickolas church. Interesting and also tragis fact is that in 1941 was the mass murders of Holocaust (about 23 500 victims). There are organizing excibitions in museums or various festivals. One of the interesting is the festivals of historical reconstruction groups.

Chernovtsy, Chernivtsi

chernovtsy

Chernovtsy, Chernivtsi the region where is located in the Bukovina. From 1359 to 1772 the city was the part of the territory of Moldavia. In 1772 the territory of Moldavia was annexed by Austria Empire during the first partition of Poland. Together with Lviv is considered the cultural center of Western Ukraine. In historical part of the city are about 602 monuments of architecture on the list of state registration, 25 of them are of national importance. Old town is great example historical constructions almost untouched ensemble from 19th-20th centuries.

Because of the characteristic architectual Vienna Secession style city, currently is known as the Little Vienna. There is one of the most magnificent monument in all Ukraine The Residence of Bukovinian and Dalmatian Metropolitans, which was inscribed on the Unesco World Heritage Site in 2011. This is the architectual complex built in the 1864-1882 by Czech architect Josef Hlavka. A brilliant examples of 19th century historicist architecture with influence by Byzantine culture. The complex possess a seminary and monastery, cruciform Seminary Church with a garden and park. Currently, residence is the education place, belongs to Chernivtsi Yuriy Fedkovych National University. In old town tourists can find Church of Saint Nicholas, Church of Ascension or Spiridonievskaya Church or chernovtsy city railway station. The city has also a lot of parks and museums. The most extraordinary collection is located in Art Museum: unique icon of glass, carpets and paintings from 19th and 20th century