Uspensky Cave Monastery is a Monastery of the Dormition of the Virgin nearby Çufut Qale in the Crimea. It is situated at the south part of the Crimean Peninsula, in the half-way between Simferopol and Sevastopol and was hollowed out in rocky ravine’s slope in the Crimean Mountains. This monastery constitutes the Crimean centre of the Orthodox. It originated in the 15th century and there is a legend related to that monastery, which explains the reason to why it was built. It is said that one night a shepherd was outside, when he saw a candle illuminating a figure of Jesus’s mother. A prince, who lived in Chufut-Kale, ordered the icon to be immediately brought to his palace, but when he woke up in the next morning, the figure was gone and then it showed that it had returned to its previous place – on the cliff.
Çufut Qale is a medieval cave city – fortress in the western part of the Crimea near the Bakhchisaray. Its name in the language of Crimean Tatars meant Jewish fortress. It is the best-preserved one of the Crimean cave cities from 6th century (according to other scientists – from 10-11th century). Currently city’s remnants, though significantly destroyed, create an impression on visitors. In the old part of the city we can see ruins of the mosque and mausoleum where grave of Dianika-khan, the daughter of the khan Tokhtamysh, is situated. On the other hand, in the new part of the city there is a well-preserved household from 17th century, which shows what old structure of dwelling houses and way of development of the city could look like. In the Bakhchisaray there are a few old cave cities similar to Çufut Qale and also worth seeing, like Mangup, Eski-Kermen, Tepe-Kermen and Baqla.
One of the most important monuments in the Crimea is The Crimean Khan’s Palace in Bakhchisaray- reminiscence of ancient Tartar power. This palatial complex was built in the middle of the 16th century and it takes up an area of 4 hectares, but in the past it was much bigger. It was supposed to be an embodiment of the Garden of Eden and that’s why charming yards are filled with green, flowers, trees and numerous fountains. Being in the Crimea you shouldn’t forget about numerous rocky cities. The best-preserved one is Çufut Qale located on a hill near the Bakhchisaray.