Archive for the ‘Eastern’ Category

Sviatohirsk, Sviatohirsk lavra

Sviatohorska_Lavra

Sviatohirsk, small town in the Denetsk oblast with the impressive monastery located on the bank of the Seversky Donets River. The Sviatohirsk Cave Monastery or The Svyatogorsk Lavra is the historic Orthodox Church monastery. The monks showed up in Sviatohirsk propably in 14th -15th century. The official date of set up Sviatohirsk Uspensky Monastery is 1624, but there are some written mention from 1526 about monastery. During the Crimean Tatars monastery was many times attacked and destroyed. When the Catherine II was exercising authority, in 1788 monastery was shut down. Next years Aleksander Mikhailovich Potemkin built palace on a chalk mountain and helped rebuilt the remains of the buildings monastery. In 1844 thanks of Emperor Nikolai I sviatohirsk monastery was reopen. During the next years the monks discovered the ancient caves, continued the underground corridors and built cave churches and sviatohirsk lavra became one of the most important monasteries of the Russian Empire. During the Soviet Times, monastery was destroyed like another religion attractions in USSR.  After the independence of Ukraine, monastery was restored and refurbished. Today, there are living about 100 people. Monastery consists of  magnificent Assumption Cathedral at 54 meters above the ground, cave churches and cells. the Joann Zatvornik Grave, the Stairs of Saint Cyril and Methodius,the Intercession Church etc.

Donetsk

donetsk

Donetsk, one of the largest city in Ukraine. The city is located near the deposts of coal and the first coal pits appeared around Cossack settlement of Alexandrovka, founded in 1779 (the site of present day Donetsk). The Welsh businessman John Hughes established in 1869 first ironworks to produce iron rails for Russia. The city started growing rapidly until World War II, when was under the regime of Germans. Donetsk area was included to a Jewish ghetto and a concentration camp, the city was damaged. Donetsk condition before destruction came back soon around 1950.
Today, Donetsk is variously called: industrial city or host city for Euro 2012 or the city of One Million Roses. Although it is production city, a lot of parks and greenspaces was created. City was even choosen the cleanest industrial city of the world in 1970 by UNESCO. Nickname of Donetsk is the City of Million Rose, beacause over 1 milion roses is growing in the city, where one rose per one person. No one can be bored in this city. There are around 140 museums and museum rooms in Donetsk, Examples of interesting museum are Museum of Donetsk railway, Donetsk Art Museum or The House of Hughes. In the city tourists can admire monuments like Holy Transfiguration Cathedral, Donetsk Catholic Church or Donetsk Orthodox Church. The heart of the city is Lenin Square, surrounded by the Philarmonia, Drama Theatre and the Ministry of Mining Industry, in the middle is situated The Lenin Monument. This place is organized many public events, celebration and sport competition. Another attractions which are in Donietsk: Planetarium, Dolphinarium, Dombass Area or Artyoma street, where we can find boutiques, shopping malls, cozy cafes and luxury restaurants.

Dnepropetrovsk

dnepropetrovsk

Dnepropetrovsk, Dnipropetrovsk, third most populated city in Ukraine. Industrial city, which is connection old architecture with modern buildings. Dnepropetrovsk is major center of high technology, education, machine building and metallurgy industries. There are famed for skyscrapers, while has also the historical legendary place like Monastic Island. This is the historical core of the city and one of the favorite place to rest by visitors and residents. The part of the island is rocky, while on the other side there are sand and beaches. Probably at the 11th century there was the Byzantine monastery. For centuries island was used to relaxation place during the trade or military expeditions.

One of the most significant monument in Dnepropetrovsk is Palace of Potiomkin which is situated in Shevchenko Park. During the World War II palace was burned In 1952 building was rebuilt and became the Palace of culture of students. The city has a variety of theatres, operas, parks and museums of interest to tourists. Worth to visit are Art Museum, Shevchenko Park or Historical Museum. The main street is named Marx Avenue Prospekt with Globa’s Park, administration bulildings, theater and opera, etc. Dnepropetrovsk Embankment on the Dnepr river is the longest in Europe, his lenght is around 23 km. Monuments worth to visit are Holy Transfiguration Cathedral, which is the most important, Bryansk (Nicholas) Church known as House of Organ and Chamber Music and Holy Trinity Cathedral. Despite of being the high technology city has one of the shortest subways in the world, has only 6 stations with 7,8 km lenght.

Zaporizhia, Zaporozhye

zaporozye

Zaporizhia, Zaporozhye,  used to be called Alexandrovsk, lies at the Dnieper River. Known as the industrial city. In the middle of the city is situated Khortitsa (Khortytsia) Island. The pearl of the city, considered to one of the “Ukraine’s seven wonders” and Ukrainian National Reserve.

In 16th century located by Sech, which at the next two centuries was the centre of Ukrainian Cossacks. That’s why in the north part of island are situated museum of the history of Zaporozhye Cossacks, memorial and tourist complex Scynthian Camp, Zaporozhye Sich and Zaporozhye oak. The last one is 700-year-old giant tree, symbol of the Ukrainian Cossacks. Zaporozhye Sich is the historical and cultural complex consists of reconstruction houses, outbuildings and church from the 16-17th century, gave the atmosphere that centuries. From the Scynthian Camps viewpoint can admire great view for hydroelectric station which is characteristic and interesting building. Next to them is museum of the history of DnieproGES. Another industries side of the city are two bridges situated over the Dniepr. One of them is the largest in Ukraine. Interesting thing, that there is posses the longest Ukrainia children railway, which is running all year. In the city centre from the raiwail station to the DnieproGES is the main street Lenin avenue. Total length is about 11 km, and it’s causes the longest avenue in Europe. Along the avenue there are many cultural, education institution, reastaurants, squares with fontains and admistration buildings. At the end of street around the dam is built the best examples of Soviet urban art. Interensting museum is Retro Cars Museum consists of 22 cars. 

Kharkiv

kharkov

Kharkiv is the second largest city in Ukraine with 1,5 milions inhabitants. City is located in the northeastern part of the country. Founded in 1654 by Cossacks whose a group of mostly East Slavic people, centrum of ukrainie culture under Russian Empire. Curentlly, Kharkiv is important centre of Ukrainian: culture, science, education and industry. City has really oustanding symbol names mirror stream. Monument consist of the fountain and the arbor, which is under protection of UNESCO. It is situated in the Victory park in front of Kharkiv National Academic Opera and Ballet Theater.

Freedom square is the main squere in the city. Interesting is that place is the second in Europe and nineth in the world the largest city centre square. Most characteristic point in squere is Derzhprom or Gosprom, built in 1926-1928 in style names constructivist architecture. At that time Gosprom became the first skyscraper in whole country, the highest in USSR and the second in Europe. In Kharkiv is situated also many historical attractions. Worth of visiting are Annunciation Cathedralthe, main Orthodox church in city built in 17th century, Assumption Cathedral or Dormition Cathedral, with neoclassical cathedral bell tower and height of 90 meters. Interesting historical attraction is Memorial Complex of Glory and World War Tank. First object is situated in the forest park and commemorate Soviet citizens in the fight against the Nazi invaders.