Pochaev, Pochaiv is the small town known as the second Ordtodox Monastery of Ukraine. According to some accounts, monastery is formed by monks who fled from the Kyivan Cave Monastery during the Tatar invasion of 1240. In the ending of the 16th century nobleman Anna Goiskaya donated assets, lands and preasure The Virgin icon. In 1675 during the Turks and Tatars attacked monastery was saved by an apparition of the Mother of God. In 18th century, monastery developed it into culture and publishing centre.In the late 19th century an icon painting workshop and a historical museum were established. Many buildings were rebuilt and expanded.
Monastery is situated on the hill of about 50 meters over Pochaev city, set on the cliffside. Complex consists of main Dormition Cathedral in Rococo style, the monks cells, The Trinity Church,Bell tower (on of the tallest in Ukraine), Assumption Cathedral and the bishop’s residence or The cave churches of St Job and of Sts Anthony and Theodosius.Old legend says that there is underground tunnel connecting Pochaiv and Kiev Pechersk Lavra.